Current release 2.10                                                                                By: Alberto di Bene      I2PHD
                                                                                                                           Vittorio de Tomasi  IK2CZL

V2.05   July 14th,  1998
V2.06   Aug. 1st,    1998
V2.10   Nov. 28th, 1998

**** W A R N I N G ****

If upgrading from a previous version, delete the HAMVIEW.INI file. The new INI file has a different format, and it will be recreated by the program. You will have to reset your station coordinates, though.



If you are eager to read all the disclaimers and legalese stuff, go to the end of this document. Most important things first.


To say it in a few words, HAMVIEW is a program that:

The program was especially developed for radio amateurs interested into all those communication techniques where signals very close to (or more often below) the receiver noise floor are used, like EME, VLF, and so on.
However we believe that Hamview will be of value also for HF and VHF CW lovers (try it... we never found a point-and-click CW filter on a commercial receiver!!!).

All the hardware needed is:

The program was developed in an effort to improve the capabilities of amateur radio communications using the power of digital signal processing, and is continuously evolving.
Check the Hamview web page ( http://www.freeyellow.com/members/padan ) for further news.
If you find some interest in the program, please send an E-mail or a QSL to one of the authors, saying (if possible):

This information will not be delivered to anybody except the authors of Hamview, and will not be used for commercial purposes. They will be treated according to current laws for privacy, and have the sole purpose of helping us to improve the next version of Hamview.


To run HAMVIEW, you need the following:


Unpack the HAMVIEW.ZIP file to a directory of your choice on your hard disk.

Connect the input audio to the line-input jack of the sound card. Don't use the microphone input, HAMVIEW disables it to prevent stray ambient noise pick-ups. If you want to hear the filtered audio you need of course at least one speaker connected to the sound card output (left or right it doesn't matter, the same signal is routed to both channels).

Make sure that you have an environment variable BLASTER, set as follows:

    BLASTER=Annn   Ix   Dy   Hz         (other values can follow)

where:     Annn     is the I/O port address (usually A220 or A240)
                Ix           is the IRQ used by the sound card (usually I5 or I7)
                Dy         is the low DMA channel (usually D0 or D1)
                Hz         is the High DMA channel (can only be H5 or H6 or H7)

    other values can be present (e.g. T6 E620 P330).
    They are not needed nor used by Hamview.

To invoke HAMVIEW use the following syntax from the DOS command line:

    HAMVIEW    [filename]      [-v0 | -v1 | -v2]      [-m | -f]


filename, if present, indicates the name of the file to be used for the playback mode. If absent, real-time mode is assumed.
-v0 sets the resolution at 640 x 480 x 256
-v1 sets the resolution at 800 x 600 x 256
-v2 sets the resolution at 1024 x 768 x 256 (this is the default)
-m sets the speed to medium
-f   sets the speed to fast (more on this later). If this parameter is omitted, it defaults to normal.

The program searches the current directory for a file named HAMVIEW.INI which is used to set the station coordinates, in order to have a correct display of the moon azimuth and elevation (this program is especially targeted to EME users). If the file is not present, a default one is generated, with the station coordinates of I2PHD. If you need to have the moon data displayed correctly, you can change it with a standard text editor. The format is self-explanatory.

Upon starting, you will be presented with the program main (and only) screen. The vertical axis is the frequency scale. The program's range is from
20 - 4094     Hz  in normal mode,
20 - 8188     Hz  in medium mode and
20 - 12282   Hz  in fast mode.
Only a part of this range can be shown on the screen. You can scroll up and down with the PgUp and PgDown keys. Near the bottom-left corner there is an input level indicator. Adjust input level to keep the level in the green part, with only occasional excursions in the red zone. The mouse pointer (a small cross) can be moved, and the frequency corresponding to its vertical position is displayed on the status line.

On the extreme left part of the screen a real-time spectrum-analyzer-like display is shown, updated every half second in normal mode, 4 times a second in medium mode, and six times a second in fast mode. On the central part of the screen a moving bar will paint behind itself the color corresponding to the magnitude of each frequency bin. The higher the amplitude of the incoming signal at a given frequency, the brighter the color of the point shown. Each point corresponds to a bandwidth of 2, 4 or 6 Hz (depending on the speed), and the bar moves with steps of half, one fourth or one sixth of a second, again depending on the speed setting. These values are the consequence of the sampling rate chosen (8192, 16384 or 24576 samples/sec), and the buffer size (two flip-flop buffers, 4096 entries each).

On the right part of the screen there are 9 mouse-selectable large buttons, used to set or reset various functions or parameters. Their color toggles from Red (function active) to Green (function not active) when single-clicked.

The settings are remembered fron one execution to the next, so you don't have to reset your favorite mode.

From the top:

ESTIMATOR    selectable from Blackmann/Tukey or FFT. Default Blackmann/Tukey. This selects which kind of spectral estimator the program must use. BT gives a better signal-to-noise ratio, but has the tendency to mask very weak signals when more than a signal is present. FFT is the usual Fourier Transform estimator.
SMOOTH        computes a moving average of the spectrum. Default OFF. Can be used to smooth out the noise. The integration is done on the nine past values.
SCALE             can be set to LOG or LIN. Default is LOG. Selects whether the mapping between magnitude and colors is linear or logarithmic. LOG works best with the Blackmann/Tukey estimator. The program has an interlock such that when you select the FFT estimator, the scale is also changed to LIN, if not already set.
DENOISER     selects the LMS denoiser. Default OFF. The LMS denoiser is of the Widrow type, and works best when the signal amplitude is above a given minimum level.
BANDPASS     selects the FIR bandpass filter. Defaults to OFF. This filter has very steep skirts and a flat passband. This passband is indicated by a red portion on the moving bar. To set the low cut and high cut frequencies, use the mouse. The left button sets the low cut, and the right one the high cut. This can be done only when the CW filter is not active.
FILTER             activates the CW filter. Its center frequency is indicated by a yellow spot on the moving bar. This frequency can be set with the left mouse button. Its value is saved by the program, and recalled when the program is restarted.
TRACK             selects the automatic tracking of both the bandpass and the CW filter. The filters are automatically centered on the strongest signal. It is suggested to disable this feature as soon as the desired center frequency is acquired, to avoid having the filters jumping back and forth, when the signal-to-noise ratio is very low. Default OFF.
MARKER         when ON, the moving bar leaves tiny marks behind itself spaced 100 Hz. Default OFF.
GAIN                sets the mapping gain between signal magnitude and color. Default HIGH. When receiving CW signals strong enough to be normally heard, as is the case on the HF bands, the best results can be obtained by setting the gain to LOW.

When the program runs, the following keys are active:

All of the mouse-selectable buttons can also be toggled by typing the first letter of the command itself (i.e. 'E' for Estimator, 'F' for Filter), with the exception of Scale, which is toggled with the 'L' key.
Case is immaterial.

The status line reports the percentage of CPU used by the program. As an example, with a 225 MHz Pentium this value ranges between 19.8 % with all the functions off and 29.4 % with all the functions on, in normal speed.

For EME operations, a real time clock shows to the operator the two minute periods used for trasmission exchange between east and west stations. To properly set the clock, you must set the environmental variable "TZ", using the DOS command:

SET TZ=<string>

This string is composed of:

- three characters denoting the name of the time zone (i.e. GMT, CET, PST, and so on),
- a number showing the difference between GMT and local time
- an optional string denoting that daylight saving time is currently used.

Here is an example for Italy, where local time is GMT-1


and if we are in daylight saving time this becomes


Remember: the only important parts of the variable are the number giving the difference between GMT and local time and the daylight-saving-time indicator!

Every two minutes you will notice that the clock background changes, and a letter "E" or "W" close to the clock reminds to the operator which period ("east" or "west") is current. At the base of the spectrum display the same color is used to trace a thin line, to ease the identification of the stations.

Any remarks, suggestions, praises, complaints, whatever you may have on this program are welcome. Please feel free to contact the authors at the email addresses below.


Here they are.

The authors will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential or incidental damages to other pieces of software, equipment, goods, or persons, arising from the use of this software.

The authors are not liable for any possible illegal use of this software, and for any other act arising from the results obtained from the software.

Although the use of the software HAMVIEW is free for the purposes described in the present document, it is *not* a public domain software. The authors retain the full copyright on the software binaries, the source code, and the user interface.

HAMVIEW is a Copyrighted property of:

Alberto di Bene, I2PHD             dibene@usa.net
via Albignano 28
I-24040 Casirate d'Adda (BG)

Vittorio De Tomasi, IK2CZL     ik2czl@amsat.org
Via Melzi d'Eril 12
I-20154 Milano Italy

(c) 1998

The use of this software is free for hobby and research purposes. If used for commercial or industrial purposes, you must obtain a licence agreement from the authors.

The program can be freely distributed, provided that you don't charge money for this, except for the cost of the transfer media, and that this text document is distributed as well.

The commercial distribution of the software without the permission of the authors is strictly forbidden.

Thanks to Ethan Brodsky for his full duplex Sound Blaster routine.